Alkali sacaton [Sporobolus airoides]

Origin: Native to North America
Use: Perennial, warm season, native grass that provides poor grazing for wildlife; fair grazing for livestock.
Plant Description:
General  Characteristics of Alkali Sacaton
Life Span  perennial
Growth Form  tall, erect to spreading, simple
Seeding Rate 
40" Rows: 

0.4 pound pure live seed per acre
1.0 pound pure live seed per acre
Planting Date  March-May
Planting Depth less than 0.25 inch
pH requirement 6.6 to 9.0
Soil texture

Cold Tolerance: High
General  A good forage or grazing grass in lowland and in alkali regions.
ID Features:
Habit: 		Perennial, in large tough bunches.
Culms: 		50-100 cm. tall, erect to spreading, simple.
Blades: 	Elongate, flat, soon becoming involute, 5-35 cm. long, 1-3 mm. wide, sometimes
		sparingly hairy at the base, elsewhere somewhat rough.
Sheaths:	Shorter than the internodes, pilose at the throat.
Ligule: 	Very short.
Inflorescence: 	Panicle 10-40 cm. long, nearly half the height of the plant, when mature half
		to two thirds as wide as long, exserted or partly included, its branches and branchlets
		at length widely spreading, bearing spikelets aggregated along the outer half to two thirds.
Spikelets: 	1.5-2.5 mm. long, 1-flowered, awnless, on short pedicels, the lateral about as long
		as the spikelet rachilla disarticulating above the glumes.
Glumes: 	Acute, glabrous, nerveless, the first about half as long as the second, commonly
		falling towards maturity, the second about as long as the lemma.
Lemmas: 	Broadly oval, 1-nerved, about as long as the second glume.
Palea: 		2-nerved, about equaling the lemma, splitting between the strong nerves as the grain ripens.
Fruit: 		Grain free from the lemma and readily dropping off.
Habitat: 	Dry plains and river valleys, especially in alkaline soil.  August-September.
Use: 		A good forage or grazing grass in lowland and in alkali regions.
Special Notes:
Alkali-Sacaton_Sporobolus-airoides Information #1
Alkali Sacaton (Sporobolus airoides) Information #2
Regional Adaptation
Varieties Adapted To Texas
Northern Rio Grande Plain Western Rio Grande Plain Central Rio Grande Plain Lower Rio Grande Valley Rolling Plains High Plains Trans-Pecos Edwards Plateau Coast Saline Prairie Coast Prairie East Texas Timberlands Claypan Area Blackland Prairie East Cross Timbers West Cross Timbers Grand Prairie North Central Prairies Central Basin
Sacaton X X X X X X X X                    
Saltalk         X X           X   X X   X  
Salado X X X X     X