Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crusgalli]

Origin: Introduced
Use: Annual, warm season, introduced grass, that provides poor grazing for wildlife and livestock.

Plant Description:
Life Span  Annual
Growth Form  tall, erect to spreading, simple
pH requirement 4.7 to 7.1
Soil texture  Sandy: 

Cold Tolerance: Moderate
General  Provides poor grazing for wildlife and livestock.
ID Features:
Habit: 		Annual.
Culms: 		Stout, rather succulent, branching from the base, ascending or erect, 30-150 cm. tall.
Blades: 	Commonly 10-30 cm. long, 5-15 mm. wide (sometimes longer and wider), glabrous,
		margins scabrous.
Sheaths: 	Glabrous.
Ligule: 	Absent.
Inflorescence: 	Panicle 10-20 cm. long, erect or nodding, ovoid, rather dense, of several
		unilateral erect or spreading racemes, very variable, deep purple to pale green,
		the lower racemes somewhat separated from the rest, sometimes branched, having long
		setae among the branches.
Spikelets: 	About 3 mm. long, excluding the awns, 1- or 2-flowered, crowded in small
		clusters or racemes, in two rows on one side of the flat rachis, long-awned (5-10-(30) mm.)
		or nearly awnless.
Glumes: 	First broadly deltoid, one third as long as the second, pointed, hispid,
		second glume and sterile lemma equal, pointed, mucronate, or the glume short awned
		and the lemma long awned, sometimes conspicuously so, enclosing a membranous palea
		and sometimes a staminate flower, nerves strongly tuberculate-hispid, hispidulous
		between the nerves.
Fertile lemmas:	Planoconvex, smooth and shining, acuminate, the margins inrolled except
		at summit where palea is not included.
Palea:		Sterile palea 2.0-3.5 mm. long.
Fruit: 		Whitish or brownish, 2.5-3 mm. long, elliptic, turgid, narrowed into a cusp or point.
Habitat: 	Moist open places, ditches, riverbanks, waste places and cultivated fields.
Special Notes:
Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crusgalli) Information #1
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