Buffelgrass (Cenchrus ciliaris)

Origin: Africa
Use: Perennial, warm season, introduced grass that provides poor grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock.
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Plant Description:
General  Characteristics of Buffelgrass
Life Span  Perennial
Growth Form  20 to 40 inches tall with stems erect or spreading.
Management:
Seeding Rate 
40" Rows: 
Broadcast: 

1.0 pound pure live seed per acre
2.0 pounds pure live seed per acre
Planting Date  April-May
Planting Depth less than 0.25 inch
pH requirement 6.0 to 8.5
Rainfall requirement 14 to 35 inches
Soil texture 
Sandy: 
Loam: 
Clay: 

Moderate
High
Moderate
Cold Tolerance: Low
General  Provides poor grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock.
ID Features: This tufted buchgrass grows 20 to 40 inches tall with stems erect or spreading. The inflorescence is a dense, cylindrical panicle, 2 to 2 inches long. Bristles of the "burs" are purplish and fused together at the base.
Special Notes:
  • Relatively easy to establish in south Texas, where adapted. Most cultivars lack cold tolerance.

  •  
    Regional Adaptation
    Variety
    Coast Saline Prairie
    Coast Prairie
    East Texas Timberlands
    Claypan Area
    Blackland Prairie
    East Cross Timbers
    West Cross Timbers
    Grand Prairie
    North Central Prairies
    Central Basin
    Edwards Plateau
    Northern Rio Grande Plain
    Western Rio Grande Plain
    Central Rio Grande Plain
    Lower Rio Grande Valley
    Rolling Plains
    High Plains
    Trans-Pecos
    Common
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    X
    X
    X
    X
     
     
     
    Higgins
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    X
    X
    X
    X
     
     
     
    Nueces
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    X
    X
    X
    X
     
     
     
    Llano
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    X
    X
    X
    X