Canada Wildrye (Elymus canadensis)

Origin: Native to North America
Use: Perennial, cool season, native grass that provides fair grazing for wildlife; fair grazing for livestock.
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Plant Description:
General  Characteristics of Canada Wildrye
Life Span  Perennial
Growth Form  2-4 feet tall, bunchgrass, propagates by seed.
Seeding Rate 
40" Rows:  Broadcast: 
Planting Date   
Planting Depth  
pH requirement 5.0 to 7.9
Rainfall requirement 20 to 45 inches
Soil texture  Sandy: 

Cold Tolerance: High
General  A good forage or grazing grass in lowland and in alkali regions.
ID Features:
Habit:		Tufted perennials.
Culms:		60-150 cm. tall, erect, tufted, simple, slender to stout, glabrous, green or glaucous.
Blades:		10-30 cm. long, mostly 1-2 cm. wide, slightly narrowed towards the base, flat,
		scabrous or somewhat hispid on the upper surface, auricled.
Sheaths:	Mostly longer than the internodes, glabrous or rarely pubescent.
Ligule:		Membranous, truncate, about 1 mm. long.
Inflorescence:	Dense terminal cylindric spikes, 10-25 cm. long, often interrupted below,
		usually long-exserted, nodding, sometimes glaucous.
Spikelets:	Usually 2 to 4 at each node, slightly spreading, 3-5-flowered, sessile at the
		alternate notches of the continuous rachis; rachilla articulated above the glumes and
		between the florets.
Glumes:		Rigid, lance-linear, persistent, equal mostly 2-4-nerved, placed edge to edge
		in front or toward the sides of the florets (which are dorsiventral to the rachis
		of the spike), scabrous, sometimes hispid but less so than the lemmas, the bases
		thickened but scarcely bowed out, with long spreading awns.
Lemmas:		Body 8-14 mm. long, oblong or lanceolate, rounded on the back, strongly 5-nerved above,
		scabrous-hirsute to hirsute-pubescent, rarely glabrous, with long spreading scabrous
		awns 10-15 mm. long, the awn curved when dry.
Palea:		A little shorter than their lemmas, 2-keeled.
Fruit:		Grain hairy at the summit, adherent to the lemma and palea.
Habitat:	Riverbanks among bushes, roadside ditches, open ground and sandy soil.  July-August.
Synonyms:	Elymus brachystachys Scribn. & Ball
		Elymus canadensis L. var. brachystachys (Scribn. & Ball) Farw.
		Elymus canadensis L. var. hirsutus (Farw.) Dorn
		Elymus canadensis L. var. robustus (Scribn. & J.G. Sm.) Mackenzie & Bush
		Elymus crescendus L.C. Wheeler
		Elymus philadelphicus L.
		Elymus philadelphicus L. var. hirsutus Farw.
		Elymus robustus Scribn. & J.G. Sm. ember.
Special Notes:
Canada Wildrye (Elymus canadensis) Information #1
Canada Wildrye (Elymus canadensis) Information #2
Canada Wildrye (Elymus canadensis) Information #3