Witchgrass (Panicum capillare)

Origin: Native to North America
Use: Annual, warm season, native grass that provides poor grazing for wildlife and livestock.
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Plant Description:
Life Span  Annual
Growth Form  tall, erect, bunchgrass
Seeding Rate 
40" Rows: 
Planting Date   
Planting Depth  
pH requirement  
Soil texture 
Cold Tolerance:  
General  Provides poor grazing for wildlife and livestock.
ID Features:
Habit: 		Tufted, erect or decumbent annual.
Culms: 		Erect or spreading at base, 20-80 cm. tall, simple or sparingly 
                branched, especially at the base, papillose-hispid to nearly glabrous, 
                densely pubescent at the nodes.
Blades: 	10-25 cm. long, 5-15 mm. wide, usually copiously papillose-hispid, 
                midrib prominent.
Sheaths: 	Usually longer than the internodes, densely papillose-hispid.
Ligule: 	Very short, ciliate.
Inflorescence: 	Panicles densely flowered, 20-35 cm. long, very large and diffuse,
		often half the length of the entire plant, nearly as broad, 
                included at base until maturity, main axis sparsely pilose, the 
                numerous capillary scabrous branchlets bearing towards their 
                ends long-pediceled spikelets; the whole panicle breaking 
                away and becoming a tumbleweed.
Spikelets: 	2-2.5 mm. long, about 0.9 mm. wide, elliptic, somewhat acuminate, 
                glabrous, strongly nerved.
Glumes: 	First glume about one half the length of the second, broad, clasping
                the base of the spikelet, acute; second glume and sterile lemma slightly
                or greatly exceeding the elliptical smooth and shining fruit, the glume 
                often slightly longer, more or less acuminate beyond the fruit.
Fruit: 		About 1.5 mm. long, about 0.8 mm. wide, elliptic, shiny, brownish,
		strongly nerved with several pale nerves, without a prominent 
                lunate scar at the base.
Habitat: 	Dry or sandy soil, waste places, and cultivated ground.
Synonyms:	Panicum barbipulvinatum Nash
		Panicum capillare L. var. agreste Gattinger
		Panicum capillare L. ssp. barbipulvinatum (Nash) Tzvelev
		Panicum capillare L. var. brevifolium Vasey ex Rydb. & Shear
		Panicum capillare L. var. barbipulvinatum (Nash) R.L. McGregor
		Panicum capillare L. var. occidentale Rydb.
Special Notes:
Witchgrass (Panicum capillare) Information #1
Witchgrass (Panicum capillare) Information #2