Seedling. Key characteristics: narrow cotyledons, alternate egg-shaped leaves that have a small notch at the tip. Stems are often red at the base.
Foliage. Key characteristics: leaf margins appear wavy and leaves are coarse-textured with prominent veins.
Stems and roots. Key characteristics: the taproot is often reddish in color.
Inflorescence. Key characteristics: highly branched, dense spikes.
Seed. Seed are round, flattened, have a dark glossy shine with a diameter of approximately 1.0 mm.
Life cycle: summer annual.
Toxic Plant: Cattle and swine are the animals most likely to be affected; goats and sheep can also be poisoned. Leaves, stems and roots are toxic. The most common symptom in cattle is bloat as it accumulates nitrates.